Very large scale integration (VLSI) technology is the enabling technology for a whole host of innovative devices and systems that have changed the way, we live. This integration allows us to build systems with many more transistors on a single IC. The EDA tools and complex hardware devices such as complex programmable logic devices (CPLDs) and field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) allow to develop special-purpose systems that are more efficient than general-purpose computers. In the 1960s Gordon Moore, an industry pioneer, predicted that the number of transistors that could be manufactured on a chip would grow exponentially. His prediction, now known as Moore’s Law. Moore’s ultimate prediction was that transistor count would double every 18 months. Over the past thirty years, the number of transistors per chip has doubled about once a year. The Intel microprocessors is good example in the growth in complexity of integrated circuits. The Table 1.1 shows the several generations of the microprocessors from the Intel.

Microprocessor |
Date of introduction |
No. of transistors |
Feature size (microns) |

80286 | 2/82 | 134,000 | 1.5 |

80386 | 10/85 | 275,000 | 1.5 |

80486 | 4/89 | 1,200,000 | 1.0 |

Pentium™ | 3/93 | 3,100,000 | 0.8 |

Pentium Pro™ | 11/95 | 5,500,000 | 0.6 |

**Table 1.1 Generations of Intel microprocessors**

Before the invention of the VLSI technology the integrated circuits were developed using the bread board approach. In bread board approach the system is build up on the breadboard using the digital ICs available. The system is then tested for the intended results and the prototype is developed, if the system is correct, then it was send for the silicon wafer and at this stage if error is occurred then the complete silicon wafer becomes the waste and the designer has to redesign the complete system. Thus in order to design a complete digital system on a single chip many years were required, but because of the invention of VLSI technology the time to market and the cost of design of digital ICs is reduced. This is because of the EDA tools and the programmable hardware devices available today. Table below shows the list of developed VLSI projects.

**VLSI Projects List:**

Sr. No. | Project Title + Project details |

1 | Modulator for digital terrestrial television according to the DTMB standard
In digital TV systems increased information rates requires the enhanced data capacity of the transmission stations. Therefore there is certainly definitely requirement that is strong of ways of error correction modulation and coding. The design and utilization of a modulator for transmission of digital television that is terrestrial been completed through the use of DTMB standard in this task. The VLSI that is system that is complete using VHDL coding and also the developed VHDL code is Implemented within the FPGA target device. |

2 | CAN Controller Design
In this project CAN controller is implemented utilizing FPGA. The tools which are different used whenever Actel's that is using design and the sequence of work used. This project explains the designs of multiplexer, CAN coach, an analog/digital converter and more info on the actual FPGA. The design procedure for the FPGA, preparing, coding, simulating, testing and lastly programming the FPGA is also explored. The components which are different in the FPGA are a shift -register and two state products that are connected with one another. |

3 | Router Architecture for Junction Based Source Routing
A router for junction based source routing is developed in this project. Main part of easy router includes buffering, header route and modification choice that is making. The VHDL design is of two variations of the routers for Junction Based Routing. The delay performance of routers have already been analysed through simulation. A model that is simple implemented in Altera FPGA to find the resource requirements out for the brand name brand new router designs. |

4 | Design Space Exploration Of Field Programmable Counter
In this project Design Space Exploration (DSE) for the Field Programmable Counter Arrays (FPCAs) and the identification of trade-offs between different parameters which describe them has been implemented. Methods for analyzing and pruning the design area are proposed to allow a exploration that is smart. The benefits and disadvantages of every solution are examined and a integration that is new based on properties of FPCAs is suggested. |

5 | Mobile Broadband Receiver
Both digital front-end and Turbo decoder are discussed in this project. The dwelling of digital front-end for multistandard radio supporting standards that are wireless as IEEE 802.11n, WiMAX, 3GPP LTE is investigated. A design that is top-to-down. 802.11n down-converter that is digital designed from Matlab model to VHDL implementation. Both simulation and prototyping that is FPGA carried away. |

6 | OBJECT TRACKING ALGORITHM
In this project Image Processing algorithms are utilized for the reason of Object Recognition and Tracking and implement the same using an FPGA. The FPGA (Spartan 3E) contains components that are logic could be programmed to perform complex mathematical functions making them highly suitable for the implementation of matrix algorithms. The results of the FPGA execution in tracking a object that is moving found to stay positive and suitable for object tracking. |

7 | Hardware/Software Runtime Environment for Reconfigurable Computers
The design and implementation of BORPH, an operating system designed for FPGA-based reconfigurable computers has been carried out in this project. Hardware designs execute as normal UNIX processes under BORPH, accessing standard OS solutions, such as file system help. A simulink-based design flow has been used in order to develop hardware designs. |

8 | Face Detection System Using Haar Classifiers
A hardware architecture for face detection based system on AdaBoost algorithm using Haar features has been implemented in this project. Further, the equipment design strategies image scaling that is including integral image generation, pipe lined processing as well as classifier, and parallel processing multiple classifiers to speed up the speed that is processing of face detection system has been explored. |

9 | Fast Hardware Design Space Exploration
This project describes an approach that is automated hardware design space research, through a collaboration between parallelizing compiler technology and high-level synthesis tools. Present results of this implementation on five multimedia kernels are shown. This technology thus considerably raises the amount of abstraction for equipment design and explores a design area much larger than is feasible for a designer that is human. |

10 | Speeding-Up Fault Injection Campaigns on Safety-Critical Circuits
An FPGA-based approach to speed-up fault injection campaigns for the evaluation of the fault-tolerance of VLSI circuits has been described in this project. The proposed approach combines the efficiency of hardware-based strategies, and also the flexibility of simulation-based techniques. Further, the experimental results are supplied showing that significant speedup figures is possible with respect to state-of-the-art fault that is simulation-based techniques. |

11 | HIGH SPEED 4 BIT SFQ MULTIPLIER
A 2-bit Booth encoder with Josephson Transmission Lines (JTLs) and Passive Transmission Lines (PTLs) has been implemented in this project. The circuit area for the multiplier designed with all the Booth encoder method is in comparison to that designed with the AND array technique. The proposed modified that is 4-bit encoders are created using Quartus II. |

12 | Universal Cryptography Processor for Smart Cards
The cryptography circuits for smart cards have been implemented in this project. These circuits occupy little chip area, consume low power, handle a few cryptography algorithms, and offer performance that is acceptable. A hardware implementation of three standard cryptography algorithms on a universal architecture has been carried out in this project. |

13 | HIGH SPEED MULTIPLIER USING SPURIOUS POWER SUPPRESSION
An advanced version of Spurious Power Suppression Technique (SPST) on multipliers for high speed and low power purposes has been implemented in this project. The simulation result shows that the SPST execution with AND gates owns an flexibility that is extremely high adjusting the data asserting time which not only facilitates the robustness of SPST but additionally causes a speed enhancement and energy decrease. |

14 | LOSSLESS DATA COMPRESSION HARDWARE ARCHITECTURE
In this task three different schemes of adaptive Huffman algorithm are created called AHAT, AHFB and AHDB algorithm. Compression ratios are calculated and answers are compared with Adaptive Huffman algorithm that is implemented in C language. The performance of the proposed algorithm is improved by integrating it with the AH algorithm. The compression/decompression processors are coded Verilog that is using HDL, simulated in Xilinx ISE 9.1. |

15 | VLSI Architecture For Removal Of Impulse Noise In Image
An efficient VLSI Architecture for Removal of Impulse Noise in Image using edge preserving filter has been implemented in this project. Further, an technology that is adaptive used to improve the results of removal of random respected impulse sound. The results shows that the proposed technique obtains better performances with regards to both evaluation that is quantitative visual quality compared to the previous lower complexity methods. |

16 | PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURES FOR MULTIMEDIA
In this project VLSI processor architectures that support multimedia applications is implemented. The processors are classified as 1) devoted multimedia processors and 2) general-purpose processors. Dedicated multimedia processors utilize either architectures that are function-specific limited freedom but higher rate and efficiency. Advanced general-purpose processors provide the support for multimedia by integrating multimedia that are new and performing them in parallel |

17 | High Speed Multiplier – Accumulator Using SPST
In this project architecture that is multiplier and accumulator (MAC) is proposed. Multiplication happens frequently in finite impulse response filters, fast Fourier transforms, discrete cosine transforms, convolution, and other important DSP and multimedia kernels. The objective of a good MAC is to provide a physically compact, good speed and low power chip that is consuming. The brand new SPST approach that is implementing been used. This multiplier and accumulator is made by equipping the Spurious Power Suppression Technique (SPST) on a modified Booth encoder that is controlled by a detection unit utilizing an AND gate. |

18 | Power Efficient Logic Circuit Design
In this project technique adiabatic utilized to reduce steadily the energy dissipation. Utilizing technique that is adiabatic in PMOS network could be minimized and some of power stored at load capacitance could be recycled instead of dissipated as temperature. However, the technique that is adiabatic extremely determined by parameter variation. MICROWIND simulations are utilized in the project. |

19 | Data Transfer for AMBA Bus
The design of an Advanced Microcontroller Bus Architecture (AMBA) advanced high performance bus (AHB) protocol has been carried out in this project. Operations like easy write that is read burst read write and out of purchase read write have actually been talked about. The look of the Protocol is simulated Modelsim that is using which the fundamental blocks such as Master and Slave. The coding language used is VHDL. |

20 | ATM Knockout Switch Concentrator
The verification and design for the concentrator of a Knockout Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) switch fabric has been carried out by utilizing the VIS device in this project. The RTL design that is structural well as a higher-level model that is behavioral of Knockout switch concentrator in Verilog HDL has been developed. |

21 | Synthesis of Asynchronous Circuits
This project presents a way of behavioral synthesis of asynchronous circuits which builds on top of syntax directed translation, and which allows the designer to perform design that is automatic research led by area or rate constraints. Further, an asynchronous implementation template consisting of a data-path and a control unit and its particular execution utilizing the hardware description language that is asynchronous |

22 | AMBA AHB compliant Memory Controller
The method how to build an Advanced microcontroller Bus Architecture (AMBA) compliant microcontroller as an Advanced High performance Bus (AHB) slave is presented in this project. The microcontroller is made for system memory control with the memory that is main of SRAM and ROM. |

23 | Ripple Carry and Carry Skip Adders
In this project Xilinx ISE tool is used for simulation, logical verification, and further synthesizing the binary adder which may be the critical element in many electronic circuit designs including digital signal processors (DSP) and microprocessor datapath units. This project investigates three types of carry tree adders. |

24 | 32bit Floating Point Arithmetic Unit
A 32 bit floating point arithmetic unit with IEEE 754 Standard has been designed using VHDL code and all operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division are tested on Xilinx in this project. Thereafter, Simulink model in MATlab has been designed for verification of VHDL rule of that Floating Point Arithmetic Unit in Modelsim. |

25 | CRC Circuit Architecture
The cyclic redundancy check (CRC) architecture has been designed to be field reprogrammable so that it is fully flexible in terms of the polynomial deployed and the input port width in this project. The circuit includes an embedded setup controller that has a configuration that is low and hardware cost. The circuit is synthesised and mapped to 130 nm UMC cell that is standard technology. |

26 | ON-CHIP PERMUTATION NETWORK FOR MULTIPROCESSOR
This project presents the silicon proven design of a novel network that is on-chip support guaranteed traffic permutation in multiprocessor system-on-chip applications. On-chip interconnection networks or Network-on- Chips (NoCs) are becoming the scaling that is de-facto strategies in Multi-Processor System-on-Chip (MPSoC) or Chip Multiprocessor (CMP) environment. |

27 | VLSI Systolic Array Multiplier for signal processing Applications
This project concentrated on developing model that is hardware systolic multiplier using Very High Speed Integrated Circuits Hardware Description Language (VHDL) as a platform. The design is simulated modelsim that is using and synthesized on Spartan 3 FPGA board. |

28 | Floating point Arithmetic Logic Unit
In this project VHDL environment is used for floating point arithmetic and logic unit design pipelining. The novelty in the ALU design may be the Pipelining which provides a performance that is high. Each module is split into sub-modules. Two selection bits are combined to choose a in the ALU design are recognized VHDL that is using functionalities are validated through VHDL simulation. Simulation and synthesis result find out in the Xilinx12.1i platform. |

29 | DDR SDRAM CONTROLLER
The principle and commands of Double Data Rate Synchronously Dynamic RAM (DDR SDRAM) controller design are explained in this project. The operations of DDR SDRAM controller are realized through Verilog HDL. The proposed architecture design of DDR SDRAM controller is utilized as IP core into any FPGA based embedded system requirement that is having of rate operation. |

30 | FFT Processor Using Radix-4 Algorithm
A novel simple address mapping scheme and the modified radix 4 FFT is proposed in this project. FPGA was majorly utilized to build up the ASIC IC's to that was implemented. The design is simulated and synthesized the 256 point FFT with radix 4 VHDL that is using coding 64 point FFT Hardware mplementation |

31 | 32 bit RISC Processor
The objective that is main of project is to create and implement of 32 bit Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor using XILINX VIRTEX4 Tool for embedded and portable applications. This processor range from the Arithmetic Logic Unit, Shifter, Rotator and Control unit. The module functionality and performance issues like area, power dissipation and propagation wait are analyzed Virtex4 XC4VLX15 XILINX that is using tool. |

32 | SMART SENSOR
In this project VHDL model of smart sensor is proposed to get solution to your challenge of designers. The signal is first sensed using signal sensing process then it is conditioned and processed using VHDL to achieve good result. The program that is VHDL as the smart sensor as above mentioned step. The VHDL allows the simulation that is complete of system. |

33 | Fuzzy based PID Controller
This project presents the designing of Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller according to Fuzzy algorithm using VHDL to utilize in transportation system that is cruising. The system that is cruising Fuzzy concept has developed to prevent the collisions between vehicles on the road. The contrast of simulation results between Matlab and VHDL are presented for designing the PID-type hardware execution. The synthesis device from Quartus-II environment is chosen to synthesize the created VHDL codes for obtaining the Register Transfer Level (RTL) |

34 | Stepper Motor Controller
In this project cordless stepper motor controller designed using VHDL and is implemented on SPARATAN Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). The proposed motor controller is controlled through the use of Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Technique therefore providing the really precision that is high. In this system GUI is designed using LABVIEW to give the control parameter to your wireless stepper motor that is connected. |

35 | I^{2}C Bus Controller
This project is concerned with all the design of I2C bus controller and the interface involving the devices that are microcontroller (AT89C51) and EEPROM (AT24C16). The microcontroller and EEPROM are interfaced through I2C bus. Data send, read and write particularly these operations are executed and the behavior of I2C protocol is analyzed. In later section the master that is i2C is designed in verilog HDL. By describing the look in HDL, practical verification of the design can be achieved early within the design cycle. |

36 | Solar Power Saving System for Street Lights and Automatic Traffic Controller
An attempt is made to implement the solar power saver system for street lights and automatic traffic control unit in this project. The proposed system is implemented with MAX3032 Altera CPLD with 32 cells that are macro. An sensor that is infrared is set up in the streets to understand the presence of traffic. Proposed cost system that is effective just saves the power instead it reduces the use of conventional power. The proposed system logic is implemented using VHDL. |

37 | Fuzzy Based Mobile Robot Controller
In this project model for an autonomous robot that is mobile (MRC) hardware with navigation concept utilizing Fuzzy Logic Algorithm (FLA) has been designed. The designed hardware architecture of autonomous mobile robot can be easily utilized in unstructured environments appropriately to avoid collision with obstacles by turning to your angle that is proper. The model of MRC algorithm is first developed in MATLAB. The developed model of MRC has translated into VHDL model for hardware implementation, followed by the synthesis tool, Quartus II from Altera to get synthesized logic gate levels after getting the confidence on MATLAB results. The codes that are synthesized downloaded into Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) board to verify the correctness of the MRC algorithm in behavioral level for VLSI implementation. |

38 | Real time Traffic Light Control System
The design and implementation of a real-time traffic light control system based on Field programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology is reported in this project. The traffic light control system is made with VHDL language. Its function ended up being verified with simulation. From then on, the VHDL design downloaded to FPGA board hardware to confirm its function in test. |

39 | Digital Space Vector PWM Three Phase Voltage Source Inverter
This project targets the look of a power that is low high performance FPGA based Digital Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation (DSVPWM) controller for three stage voltage supply inverter. The proposed DSVPWM method algorithm ended up being synthesized and implemented Quartus II and Cyclone II FPGA, to focus on device. |

40 | Complex Multiplier Using Advance Algorithm
In this project VHDL implementation of complex quantity multiplier using ancient mathematics that are vedic conventional modified Booth algorithm is presented and compared. The idea for designing the unit that is multiplier adopted from ancient Indian mathematics “Vedas”. The UrdhvaTiryakbhyam sutra was selected for implementation since it’s applicable to all full instances of multiplication. |

41 | Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) for Image Compression
An approach is presented by this project towards VLSI implementation of the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) for image compression. The look follows the JPEG2000 standard and will be used for both lossy and compression that is lossless. In order to reduce complexities for the design, linear algebra view of DWT and IDWT has been utilized. |

42 | Gabor Filter for Fingerprint Recognition
The Simulation of Gabor filter for fingerprint recognition has been carried out using Verilog HDL in this project. The applying of Gabor Filter technique to enhance the fingerprint image and it’s utilized to define the ridges and valley parts of fingerprints is by convoluting the image pixel with Gabor filter coefficient. The result that is experimental the sign convoluted with the Gabor coefficient. |

43 | Floating Point Fused Add-Subtract and multiplier Units
A single precision floating point fused add-subtract unit and fused dot -product unit is presented that performs simultaneous floating point add and multiplication operations in this project. It takes to perform a significant element of single addition, subtraction and dot product using implementation that is parallel. This unit uses the IEEE 754 precision that is single and supports all rounding modes. |

44 | ORTHOGONAL CODE CONVOLUTION CAPABILITIES
In this project, FPGA implementation of orthogonal code convolution is presented by using Xilinx and Modelsim softwares. Orthogonal Code is certainly one of the codes that can identify errors and correct data that are corrupted. The technique was implemented using FPGA. |

45 | Flip -Flops for High Performance VLSI Applications
This project enumerates power that is low high speed design of SET, DET, TSPC and C2CMOS Flip-Flop. As these flip-flop have actually small area and low power usage, they may be used in various applications like digital VLSI clocking system, buffers, registers, microprocessors etc. The Flip -Flops are analysed at 90nm technologies. The above mentioned designed Flip-Flops and Latches are compared in regards to its area, transistor count, energy dissipation and propagation wait DSCH that is using and tools. |

46 | Low Power Video Compression Achitecture
This project presents a method to reduce the computation and memory access for variable block size motion estimation (ME) pixel truncation that is using. Previous work has focused on implementing pixel truncation utilizing a set block size (16×16 pixels) Further, the effect of truncating pixels for smaller block partitions and proposed a method has been analysed. |

47 | Power Gating Implementation with Body-Tied Triple-Well Structure
In this project power gating implementations that mitigate power supply noise has been investigated. To figure out the implementation that is best, a test chip in 65nm process. Experimental results with dimension and simulation reveal that the power-gated circuit with body-tied structure in triple-well is the implementation that is best through the after three points; energy supply sound due to rush current, the share of decoupling capacitance throughout the rest mode and the leakage reduction many thanks to energy gating. |

48 | UNIVERSAL ASYNCHRONOUS RECEIVER TRANSMITTER
In this project universal receiver that is asynchronous (UART) is a protocol utilized in serial communication specifically for short distance information exchange. The design can detect errors that are various as framework error, over run error, parity error and break mistake. The whole design of universal receiver that is asynchronous is functionally verified using ModelSim. |

49 | LOW POWER MULTIPLIER USING COMPOUND CONSTANT DELAY LOGIC
In this project High performance, energy logic that is efficient VLSI circuits are implemented. Further, the design of the Wallace tree multiplier, Baugh wooley and Array multiplier using fixed logic design, dynamic logic style and compound constant logic style that is delay. The performance of power delay product of Wallace tree multiplier, array multiplier and Baugh wooley multiplier utilizing compound constant delay logic style is reduced considerably while compared to fixed and logic style that is dynamic |

50 | Flash ADC using Comparator Scheme
In this project 4 bit Flash Analog to Digital converter is implemented. The proposed ADC consist of the comparators and the MUX based decoder. Proposed Comparator eliminate the use of resistor ladder in the circuit. All of the input of comparators are linked to the input that is common. Based upon the voltage that is internal of and the input voltage production may be "0" or "1". |

51 | High Speed Floating Point Addition and Subtraction
A new leading-zero anticipatory (LZA) logic for high-speed floating-point addition and subtraction is proposed in this project. The pre-decoding for normalization concurrently with addition for the significant is completed in this logic. The usage of simple algebra that is Boolean the proposed logic to be constructed from a simple CMOS circuit. |

52 | LFSR based Pseudorandom Pattern Generator for MEMS
The FPGA implementation of a Linear feedback shift resister (LFSR) based pseudo random pattern generator in this project. This LFSR has the characteristics of high speed, low power usage plus it is especially matched in processing environment where consistent distribution random numbers are needed. A application that is typical of pattern generator considered in this work is the screening of micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS). |

53 | Power Optimization of LFSR for Low Power BIST
This project presents a novel low-transition Linear Feedback Shift Register (LFSR) that is based on some brand new observations about the production series of a LFSR that is conventional. The proposed design, called LFSR that is bit-swapping, consists of an LFSR and a 2 × 1 multiplexer. Experimental results on ISCAS'89 benchmark circuits show up reductions in average and peak power. |

54 | VENDING MACHINE USING VERILOG
An efficient algorithm for implementation of vending machine on FPGA board is proposed in this project. The proposed algorithm is implemented in Verilog HDL and simulated Xilinx ISE simulator that is using tool. The design is implemented on Xilinx Spartan-3A FPGA development board. |

55 | VLSI ARCHITECTURES FOR DWT
A study is undertaken for determining the number of pipeline stages required for the DWT computation so as to synchronize their operations and utilize their hardware resources efficiently are implemented in this project in order to enhance the inter-stage parallelism. |

56 | Cache Memory Controller
The efficient cache controller suitable for use in FPGA-based processors is implemented using VHDL in this project. With reference to set cache that is associative cache controller is made. Spatial locality of reference can be used for tracking cache miss induced in cache memory. |

57 | Chip For Prepaid Electricity Billing
In this project efforts are being designed to automate the billing systems. Despite the fact that more accurate and faster meter readings have seen the light of day, bill payment continues to be according to a procedure that is old. This task implements the electricity bill meter that is prepaid. |

58 | High Speed Network Devices Using Reconfigurable Content Addressable Memory
The behavior of the SRL16 CAM design methodology is described using VHDL and implemented using FPGA technique in this project. Then, the performance of the method ended up being in comparison to other CAM that is traditional techniques. The proposed RCAM is configured and used as the main element of different network products and also the successful implementations of this RCAM prove its Suitability to be utilized in various performance that is high devices. |

59 | Bit Carry Look Ahead Adder
This project concentrates on the implementation and simulation of 4-bit, 8-bit and carry that is 16-bit -ahead adder using VHDL and compared for their performance. The simulation is done using ModelSim SE 6.3f and the performance improvements in propagating the carry and generating the sum in comparison with the standard carry look ahead adder designed in the technology that is same. |

60 | 256-bit Parallel Prefix Adders
A new approach to redesign the basic operators used in parallel prefix architectures is implemented in this project. The number of multiplexers contained in each Slice of an FPGA is considered right here for the redesign of the operators that are basic in parallel prefix tree. This design that is new implemented with 128-bit width operands of numerous parallel prefix adders on Xilinx Spartan FPGA. The experimental results suggest that the brand new approach of fundamental operators make a few of the prefix that is parallel architectures faster and area efficient |

61 | Mutual Authentication Protocol
The radio frequency identification (RFID) tag–reader mutual authentication (TRMA) scheme has been implemented in this project. Two enhanced verification protocols for generating the Pad Gen function are described. Further, a protocol for RFID label –reader mutual authentication scheme is proposed which is efficient that is hardware. The proposed protocol is described in Verilog HDL and simulated Xilinx ISE design suite. |

62 | Overlap based Logic cell
In this project architecture that is power-efficient of side triggered flip flops with clock Overlap based logic has been implemented. The consequence of this logic is that power that is static gets enhanced in CMOS technology. Further, the energy contrast is done between the logic that is overlap conventional dynamic C2MOS logic making use of Cadence tool and 180nm GPDK technology. |

63 | Low Power Adder Compressors
In this task two adder compressors architectures addressing high-speed and power that is low been implemented. Adder compressors are utilized to implement arithmetic circuits such as for instance multipliers and signal that is digital units like the Fast Fourier Transform (FTT). Further, this work presents an architecture that create the XOR and XNOR signals simultaneously, this reduce internal glitches power that is hence dynamic well. |

64 | UTMI AND PROTOCOL LAYER FOR USB2.0
This project handles utilization of a USB Core specifically UTMI and protocol layer module on FPGA. The design is carried out by writing rule in verilog HDL which is then confirmed and synthesized Xilinx that is using XST. The end result is verified using testbench waveform. |

65 | 5 stage Pipelined Architecture of 8 Bit Pico Processor
In this project unpipelined architecture of a 8 bit Pico Processor (pP) and how its overall through put can be increased by implementing pipelining has been analyzed. Pico processor is an 8 bit processor which is comparable to 8 bit microprocessors for small applications that are embedded it’s meant for educational purpose |

66 | Controller Design for Remote Sensing Systems
The design and hardware implementation of the main controller for a remote sensing system that can be communicated through the Global System for Mobile (GSM) Network has been implemented in this project. This system provides a complete, low cost, effective and easy to use means of 24 hours real time monitoring and sensing system that is remote. The design has been described VHDL that is using and in hardware using Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). |

67 | Test Pattern Generation for BIST
This project generates Multiple Single Input Change (MSIC) vectors in a pattern, is applicable each vector to a scan chain is an SIC vector. A MSIC-TPG and Accumulator based TPG are created and developed a Johnson that is reconfigurable counter a scalable SIC counter to generate a class of minimum transition sequences. The proposed accumulator based TPG achieves reduced area and power that is average during scan-based tests and also the top power in the circuit under test. The test patterns are simulated using MODELSIM and the results are validated by writing VHDL coding. |

68 | Faster Dadda Multiplier
In this project faster column compression multiplication has been attained by utilizing a combination of two design techniques: partition for the partial items into two parts for independent parallel column compression and acceleration for the final addition utilizing a adder that is hybrid. Based on the proposed strategies 8, 16, 32 and 64-bit Dadda multipliers are developed and compared with the Dadda that is regular multiplier. The performance of the proposed multiplier is analyzed by evaluating the wait, area and power, with 180 process that is nm. |

69 | SINGLE CYCLE ACCESS STRUCTURE FOR LOGIC TEST
In this project cycle that is single test structure for logic test eliminates the power consumption problem of conventional shift based scan chains and reduces the activity during shift and capture cycles. Further, a new cycle that is single test structure for logic test is implemented. This leads to more circuit that is realistic during stuck -at and at-speed tests. The work is carried out using language simulated modelsim6.4b And Xilinx that is synthesized ISE10.1 |

70 | Low Drop-Out Voltage Regulator
In this project a Low – Voltage Low-Dropout(LDO) Voltage Regulator that can operate with a very small Input–Output Differential Voltage with nm CMOS technology in turn increasing the Packing Density, provides for the new approaches towards power management is proposed. The compact area of the proposed LDO regulator leads to a chip area efficient low drop-out Voltage Regulator which finds its applications for portable electronics. |

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